Purgatory – Short Story by Elene Beridze

I was sitting in the middle of the church garden. The sky was pitch black. All I could head was people cursing and screaming at each other, fighting their way through the police. The church was surrounded.

I was sitting in between two protests, one filled with the youth fighting for human rights, the other one opposing them. My family was waiting for me outside of this chaos, worried out of their minds. The police wouldn’t let me in or out.

So I was sitting in the garden. My phone ringing every two minutes, people calling me to make sure I was okay. They kept telling me to ask the police to let me out so I could go home. I told them they were keeping me inside for my own safety.

I was in purgatory. Neither here nor there. I was basically nowhere. In this utterly calm church garden, with two or three people besides me. I could see rows of police officers standing at every entrance. And even though I knew I was safe, even though this church garden was filled with silence and hope, I felt unnerved. I couldn’t stay in one place, I kept walking back and forth, talking to the police, telling my friends and family I was okay.

I sat down and lit up a cigarette. My phone kept ringing non stop, so I turned it off. I was sitting on the stairs of the church, and it got me thinking.

Maybe this is what purgatory is. Being in the middle of two completely different worlds, safe, in silence, being tortured by your own feeling of unsettlement. Nothing is after you, no one is harming you.

You’re just waiting. And waiting. And that’s what’s driving you crazy. Neither here or there, you know you don’t belong where you are. I wanted to go back to the youth protest to stand by their side, but the police wouldn’t let me back in. I tried to go outside but the crowd of people outside fighting against the protest scared me even more, and the police told me to stay in the garden.

So I kept waiting for everything to calm down. I saw nuns, I saw priests, I saw mothers screaming in their phones telling their children to come home. I kept smoking and thinking.

How ironic is it that I am in purgatory in church….

Special thanks to King.Kote for the picture.

Homophobic and Hateful Crowd Opposing the “Dance for Our Freedom” Youth Protest

My rule is to post every other day, but with the current political events happening in this country I’m breaking the rule. The Dance for Our Freedom youth protest continued today on the Freedom Square in front of the Parliament building, click here for yesterday’s report. Even though we kept it very peaceful, we still received some backlash.

The protest started at 15:00 (GMT+4) on Sunday, May 12th, with only a handful of people. I myself arrived there around 17:00 and climbed to the top of the stairs, since the crowd was still not big at the time. As the night progressed people started arriving, and soon enough we had hundreds of people of all ages protesting for freedom. We kept calm, we made speeches, we stood there together as one.

Everything was fine, and luckily we had the police on our side. I am more than grateful to them for keeping us all safe. Because even though were were standing there promoting peace, a group of right-wing extremists who are known for their homophobia and fascist tendencies came to oppose us.

First they tried to sneak into our protest and start fights there. The police didn’t break the line. Instead these people kept cursing us out, holding their middle fingers in the air. See the video of one of the provocateurs below.

It didn’t end there. A bunch of them came together to protest. They were all on the other side of the street being blocked by the police. But we could all see their middle fingers in the air, hear them cursing us out, telling us to leave, calling us perverts. But we raised our hands in the air showing them peace signs. We were all screaming “peace” (Geo: მშვიდობა), whistling and screaming to drown out their homophobic and hateful declamations.

The police kicked them off the premises very soon, and created a huge barricade around us. They were standing in lines of three at every possible entrance to the street, not letting anyone inside. Unfortunately a lot of our supporters couldn’t get in either. We thought everything was going great until all of these right-wing supporters came running back. With my own two eyes I saw up to a hundred people running at full speed at the police, who didn’t even budge. And there they were, fighting their way through, still cursing and screaming, holding their middle fingers up in the air. We didn’t fall for the provocation. We were standing there laughing. So to protest their hateful lifestyle, we turned on the music.

It was a rave-olution. We were achieving freedom with the freest form of expression: dance. This group of extremists wouldn’t leave. But it didn’t break our spirit, quite the opposite. Now we were more fired up than ever to stop this discrimination. We just want freedom and peace for us all.

I stayed there all day, and even though these people kept trying to break in, we stayed together as a team. Towards the end of the night, police even brought water cannons to keep the angry crowd away from us, luckily they weren’t used. We were demanding answers from the government, and only recently we got them. I’m writing this around 1 am, and the director of Ministry of Internal Affairs spoke live in front of the crowd about an hour ago. He apologized for what happened at the nightclubs, he said that they will do everything to keep peace, to keep fighting drugs, and to make everyone comfortable in this city, regardless of their sexual orientation, religious views, or anything else. He only asked us to put the protest on hiatus for the coming week, to go to work, and to stay away from aggression. We agreed to these terms, and told them if our demands aren’t truly met, we will continue the protest next Saturday. Hopefully it won’t come to that.

I want to thank everyone that was there, I want to thank everyone that kept fighting for our basic human rights. The people won, the government won, and hopefully we can put an end to this hateful lifestyle that the other side is promoting.

This is a rave-olution for our freedom, peace, and equality.

Bassiani Nightclub Raid in Tbilisi and the Youth Protest “Dance for Our Freedom”

On Friday night, May 11th, the Georgian government sent in a fully armed SWAT team into the most popular night clubs in the Capital. They called it a “drug raid” which occurred due several young adults passing away from drugs over the last couple of weeks.

These raids happened in Bassiani, the second most popular club in all of Europe, and Gallery. The clubs have existed for years and have gained international acknowledgment due to the free spirit and the music. I’ve personally heard a lot of people say that they “..felt more comfortable at the club than at home.” Since I haven’t lived in Georgia for a while I never had a chance to party at the club, and funnily enough this Friday was supposed to be my first time. All of my friends had bought the tickets already and we were planning on going there around 3am. The raid happened around 12am.

During this raid the SWAT team had everyone in the night club down on the floor with their hands behind their heads before kicking them out of the venue. Some people who were in the club or went to protest in front of the club got arrested, one of the owners also was taken into custody and the government never made a comment about this situation. We watched a portion of this on live TV the same night, and the shots were so shocking that the youth decided to throw a peaceful protest the very next day.

On May 12th at 15:00 (GMT+4), the youth gathered on the Freedom Square in front of the parliament building. I was there from the beginning, and was amazed at how well we handled this situation. With numerous speeches given by citizens of all ages and the enormous support coming from the people standing there as one. The number of people kept increasing as time went by. Our demands were to stop unnecessary violence and to give people the freedom we deserve.

I heard a lot of conspiracy theories at this protest, some saying that this was staged by the right-wing to stop Georgia from joining the EU and to go back to Russia, some even said that all of this happened because of money and the thriving business which was harmful to other businesses, or due to homophobic and backwards people considering clubbing a disgrace to the youth. I don’t know what the actual situation was, all I know is that the drug dealers they wanted so much were not arrested at the club, but somewhere else. All of the violence from that night was unnecessary and the government yet has to make a comment about this.

The protest started small, we were standing on the pavement right in front of the parliament building. There was a lot of police standing by the road keeping the protest tight. As more people started to gather, I started to worry about some violence from the police. But the protest organizers kept the crowd very calm with their speeches, keeping us fired up but also reminding us that this was a peaceful protest. Soon enough, one of the speechmakers asked the police to let us take over one side of the street. The people started moving in towards the center, and amazingly enough we got a hold of half of the street with police backing away very peacefully. In gratitude, we gave them the loudest cheer and a loud applause. Now a line of police officers was standing in the middle of the street.

In this picture you can see a long line of police officers (the men wearing all black with a yellow stripe) right next to the cars. This happened between 17-18:00.

But it was only the beginning. More people showed up standing up for our freedom, and even though there was some provocation from the right-wing, we managed to keep the protest very peaceful. There was a man there walking around swearing at the youth, and a fight almost broke out, but the young girl that was making a speech started yelling to put our hands up, so the whole crowd stood there in silence and held up their hands. The fight stopped. The girl kept reminding us “they will curse at you, but we will not curse them back. They will hit you, but we will not hit them back. We are here to show that we deserve our freedom, and that we will do not condone violence. We are standing against everything that happened that night, and we will not become one of them by hurting each other. We are one.” The provocateurs soon left the protest.

As the crowd grew larger, around 19:00, one of the organizers made the most heartwarming speech. He said “We are here for a reason. We are here to show everyone that we can achieve peace without violence. We are standing here for our freedom to express ourselves, to love whoever we want, to stand together as a team and help this country grow. We are asking the police to give us the whole street. We are here peacefully and do not want to fight. So lets all raise our hands, and start moving in. We are all your children, so help us make this country a better place.” So we did. Hundreds of people with both of their hands raised, started moving towards the police, all of us holding our breath. No one knew what the outcome was going to be. We could have been beaten, we could have all been arrested, but we kept walking with both of our hands up in the air.

And the police left. They all backed away and let us get a hold of the whole street. The people started to applaud, scream, whistle, thanking the police. We managed to achieve this without anyone getting hurt, and even though it’s seems like a small step, it was a very important one. We paralyzed the whole city. We proved that violence is not necessary to achieve our goals. All we need to do is stand together as a team, and make this small country a better home for all of us.

That’s when the DJ’s who were supposed to play at the club the night of the raid came out. They started to play music, the crowd stated to dance, we started to party for our freedom. Colorful smoke in the air, people cheering, jumping, the protest took a completely unexpected turn. We were partying in the streets right in front of the Parliament.

And the party went on for the whole night. More and more people started to show up, and with the whole city paralyzed we were dancing for our rights. We were holding up our phones and hands in the air, to show the government that we’re here. And we’re not leaving until we get what we deserve, answers, and our freedom.

We were standing there in the rain. We were a team. We were showing everyone in this city that with love and support we were going to achieve what we want and what we deserve. They can’t take away this country from us, it belongs to our generation. We are going to make a change, and we are going to help this country grow.

I left around 12am because I was exhausted, hungry, and drenched from the rain. But a lot of people stayed there all night. Some even brought out tents to keep the protest going. As I’m writing this, people are still standing there, and I’m planning on joining them soon.

I believe in this country. I believe in the people. I believe that we hold the power. I believe that we will make a change with love, peace, and some deep house music.

***

Special thanks to King.Kote for some of the pictures in this post.

Studio Ghibli Movie for Every Mood.

What’s Studio Ghibli, Inc?

Studio Ghibli, Inc is a Japanese animation film studio based in Tokyo, Japan. It was founded on 15 June 1985, and is best known for its anime feature films and short films. These movies often concentrate on serious social matters while portraying them through a vibrant and beautiful world which is magical and realistic at the same time.

At this point Studio Ghibli, Inc has 21 movies with another one to be released in 2020. The Studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Hayao Miyazaki is considered to be a visionary and is often the lead director in the Studio. The movies vary from childish and hilarious to three hour dramas with a crying guarantee. So without further ado, let’s dive into why we’re here.

1. When you need something silly to make you laugh.

Don’t misunderstand the word silly in this category. These movies are just plain funny and fun to watch without much depth to them (compared to the other Ghibli Studio films). Here’s the two movies I picked with a short synopsis.

The Cat Returns (2002)

The story is about a female high school student who has a ability to talk to cats. One day, she rescues a cat from being run over by a truck. The cat appears to be the prince of the Cat Kingdom. As a prize for saving the prince, the king offers her the Prince’s hand in marriage. After staying in the Kingdom for a while, the starts to develop feline features. She has no wish to marry the prince, and tries to escape with the help of two cat statues that were magically given life.

This is a very simple and fun film to watch, guaranteed to make you laugh and keep you entertained for a bit over an hour.

Pom Poko (1994)

This movie uses the Tanuki as its heroes. Tanuki are creatures of the myth with special powers. In this story their forest home is threatened by urban development and in order to save it all, they must use all of their supernatural talents.

This is a very lighthearted movie with some realistic elements to it. For two hours it’s full of laughter and silly humor.

2. When you need to watch something childish and lighthearted.

This section has the three movies that I think all of the children HAVE to watch. Even though I consider most of the Ghibli films a must-watch for children, these two should be seen by everyone under the age of 5.

Ponyo (2008)

A goldfish princess encounters a human boy, who names her Ponyo. Ponyo wants to become a human as her friendship with this boy grows, and starts to become more humanlike. Ponyo’s father brings her back to the ocean kingdom but Ponyo escapes and in the process, spills a collection of magical elixirs that endanger Sosuke’s village.

This movie is full of child-like curiosity and love. Pretty similar to The Little Mermaid, but with a small twist, this movie is guaranteed to make you smile, and maybe cry a little bit. Recommended to watch with kids because you’ll enjoy their high pitched laughter.

Arrietty (2010)

Arrietty is a tiny teenager who lives under a human family’s house with her parents. Arrietty stays hidden away from her human hosts, but occasionally goes into the house to borrow items, such as sugar and salt. A 12 year old boy sees Arrietty, and they forms a secret friendship, but it could possibly ruin the little peoples’ lives.

I’ve showed this movie to all of my nieces and nephews. This is a very imaginative world, with such realistic elements added to it that it makes all the children sit and watch with their jaws dropped. They wouldn’t stop looking for “borrowers” for weeks after this movie. Definitely recommend to show to your family and to watch yourself.

My Neighbor Totoro (1988)

I’m sure you’ve seen these characters at some point of your life. This movie shows the lives of two schoolgirls, who move into an old country home with their father as they await for their mother’s recovery in the nearby hospital. As they explore the house, they encounter and befriend playful spirits in their nearby forest, most notably the massive cuddly creature known as Totoro. This movie is full of love and joy, and is guaranteed to make everyone feel warm at heart.

3. Something full of love, magic, and romance.

This is for the kind of a night where rom-coms just aren’t doing it for you, and drama is too much to deal with. Can be enjoyed with a family, but not with your boyfriend because he’ll most likely fall asleep (at least in my experience).

Howl’s Moving Castle (2004)

This is probably my favorite Studio Ghibli movie. I’ve seen it at least 10 times, and cried every single time. This is about a girl who is living an uneventful life at a hat shop. One day she runs into a wizard who saves her from some guards, and befriends him. A witch becomes jealous and puts a spell on her which she can’t tell anyone about. She turns into an old woman, and lives with this wizard (without him knowing it’s the same girl he met before), and he does everything he can to fight this witch and return her youth and beauty.

Please watch this film. It’s really amazing. The world is beautiful, the characters are so complex and splendid, and there’s a million themes explored by this movie. A must watch.

The Wind Rises (2013)

This movie is set in 1918 about a young man who dreams of becoming a pilot, but can’t due to his poor eyesight. One night he dreams of a famous engineer who pushes him to build planes, since he can never fly. Years go by and he builds the A6M World War II fighter plane, and on the journey he meets the love of his life. There’s not much action in the film, but visually it’s very pleasing. Ghibli has a recurring theme of aircrafts due to Miyazaki’s love for them. I recommend watching this movie, but make sure you’re ready to sit and watch beautiful sceneries for a bit over 2 hours. Not much magic here, but it’s full of love and hope.

4. If you need to cry your heart out.

This section is dedicated to movies that are guaranteed to make you cry so much you’ll get a headache. It’s horrifyingly painful, and not recommended for small children.

Grave of the Fireflies (1988)

This movie is devastating. It tells the story of two siblings during the World War II, where the older brother needs to take care of his younger sister after an American bombing which separates these children from their parents. They scrape for their lives and struggle against all odds to stay together and stay alive. I genuinely can’t write more not to spoil the movie for you, but if you want to sit and cry for an hour and a half, then this movie is for you… It’s utterly realistic and painful.

When Marnie Was There (2014)

With the biggest plot twist you can imagine, this movie is guaranteed to make you sob for the last 40 minutes of the movie (for me it was an hour). It’s about a young girl who is sent to the country due to health reasons, and makes a friend called Marnie with long flowing hair. Marnie’s house is on the other side of the lake, and the girl can see the lights flowing every night for parties. One day, she decides to visit Marnie during the day, but the house is empty. As they become closer, we realize the protagonist is closer with Marnie than we might expect.

5. When you want to explore a new vibrant world and experience all sorts of adventures.

Two of the movies in this list have a very special meaning to Ghibli Studios. Besides from the fact that they’re amazing, they made history.

Castle in the Sky (1986)

An orphan and her kidnapper are flying to a military prison when their plane is attacked by a gang of air pirates. Escaping from the collision by a magic crystal around her neck, she meets a fellow orphan and joins forces to discover the mystical floating city of Laputa while being pursued by the pirates who lust for the city’s treasures. This is the first movie release by the Studio Ghibli after it became an official company.

Spirited Away (2001)

This film became the most successful film in Japanese history, grossing over $289 million worldwide. It overtook Titanic and received universal acclaim, and is ranked among the greatest animated films or all time.

In this film a 10 year old girl and her parents stumble upon an abandoned amusement park. After her parents are turned into pigs, she meets a mysterious boy who explains the park’s purpose is to give supernatural beings a small vacation, and that she must work there to save her parents. Watch it alone, with your special other, or your children, this film is guaranteed to bring you joy and show you a whole kind of a new world.

Kiki’s Delivery Service (1989)

In this movie we witness a young witch with her talking cat move to a new town to become an independent witch. The movie shows us young romance, independency, and magic. When Kiki loses self-confidence she loses her powers, and tries to get it back. This movie is always enjoyed by children, and will definitely make you smile.

6. Historical/documentaries

This is a fun way to spend time and learn about the Japanese culture.

The Tale of the Princess Kaguya (2013)

This movie is based on a children’s fairytale, which is portrayed through a very different kind of animation and world. It’s about a tiny nymph who is found inside a bamboo stalk and grows into a gorgeous woman, who orders her suitors to prove their love by completing a series of near-impossible tasks. Full of playful humor, we discover that she is in fact a goddess who fell from the sky.

7. If you love airplanes like Miyazaki does

Miyazaki’s love for planes is not a secret, so if you want to share this love with him you can watch this movie (or the ones mentioned above which are also about planes).

Porco Rosso (1992)

Even though this is not an actual documentary, it has a hint of history to it. In Italy in the 30’s, sky pirates terrorize wealthy cruise ships. The only pilot brave enough to stop them is a former World War I flying ace, Porco Rosso, who was turned into a pig. There’s love, friendship, and courage in this movie, Porco Rosso battles these pirates.

8. Young Romance With a Twist

Basically a rom-com but with some childhood innocence and a tad of drama.

Whisper of the Heart (1995)

A movie about a girl who wants to be a writer, who one day notices that all of the books from the library were checked out by the same boy before her. While chasing a cat in the streets, she comes across an old antique shop and befriends a boy. She writes a novel and realized this boy is her soulmate. FUN FACT! The cat statue which comes alive in The Cat Returns is introduced in this movie first!

9. For love, sadness, Japan, youth, and an every day life with a huge twist.

Definitely recommend watching this if you feel like seeing something new.

From Up on Poppy Hill (2011)

This movie is set in the 60’s, after the trauma of World War II, when Japan is trying to modernize and deal with the pain. The story is set around two high schoolers who deal with every day lives in the school and realize they are in love, only to find out that there’s a bigger connection between them. This movie is beautiful and jaw-dropping, also guaranteed to make you cry.

10. For everything you could ever think of, with a bit of sugar.

This movie is a classic, and deserves a separate section for itself.

Princess Mononoke (1997)

In the 14th century, the world harmony among humans, animals, and gods begins to crumble. A young man infected by an animal attack seeks for a cure from a forest god. In his travels he witnesses humans destroying the earth, and facing the wrath of wolf god Moro and his human companion Princess Mononoke. He tries to bring peace between the two worlds, only to bring more conflict.

This movie is amazing. It really is. It will make you laugh, cry, clench your wrests, and be restless until the end. You can enjoy it with your friends, family, alone, or parents. It will definitely stay in your head for days to come.

Studio Ghibli movies not mentioned in this list (because I haven’t seen them yet):

Only Yesterday (1991)

Ocean Waves (1993)

My Neighbors the Yamadas (1999)

Tales from the Earthsea (2006)

Pygmalion by G.B. Shaw and Sigmund Freud’s Relief Theory

Pygmalion (1913) by George Bernard Shaw and Sigmund Freud’s Relief Theory

The Father of psychology, golden siggie, a pervert. All of them well deserved, Freud never lacked any nicknames in his lifetime, or post his passing. Introducing vast theories on sexual relations, tension, psychoanalysis, or relief theory – he backed them up with very strong arguments. In this article, we are going to concentrate on his relief theory. It states that all laugh-producing situations are enjoyable because they save psychic energy. The excess spare energy is relieved by the act of laughter, relating to our dreams. We subconsciously find hidden pleasures in comedy, releasing the energy through positive emotions – laughter. Laughter becomes our way of releasing tensions that are created within us. As we struggle to cope with our emotions and thoughts, we need to cleanse our system from all of the built-up tension. In this case the laughter is referred as the relief laughter. Whether in real life, literature, or other forms of art we find a way to release our tense psych. In this article, we are going to specifically explore the relief theory in George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion (1913), concurring with Freud’s theory. Laughter in comedy is always related to built up inner tension of the audience, concentrating on the soft spots and struggles of every type of personality.

The issue of social standing, assumptions in relationships, insecurities of low class… They are often portrayed in old literature, usually concentrating on low-class trying to fit in with the higher class. George Bernard Shaw does a spectacular job of depicting all of these matters in his five act play Pygmalion. Two high class scientists, Higgins and Pickering, decide to play a bet on a low class flower girl, Eliza Doolittle, saying that Higgins should turn this “raw material” of a girl into a duchess. The play concentrates on these three characters, showing the development of this girl, both superficial (speech, body language, etc.) and moral (self-respect). But besides from us witnessing this development, we also stand to witness the society whose members have rigid relations to one another. Though we don’t see the actual training of Eliza and her moment of glory at the embassy, we see the sidelines – meaning we see the inside psych of the characters.

Freud plays a huge role in this play. Besides from his Oedipus Complex being clearly presented though Higgin’s love for his mother, viewing other women as “blocks of wood”, Higgins plays with his doll as though he’s trying to play god, while in the end he makes no change other than superficial. Besides from the Oedipus Complex, there’s a very heavy comical relief in this play.

The most important would be the speech presented in the first act. Where Higgins (note taker) continues to insult Eliza (flower girl) and her only responses end up being mockery of his language in the form of “ah-ah-ah-ow-ow-ow-oo!” (p.8) Definitely introduced by the author as a comical act, the relief theory fits in the sense that the reader ends up laughing at the “low-class mockery” by this girl. To release inner psych at this line, would constitute to two aspects of the reader: 1. Inner insecurity of language chaos in arguments. Not everyone can be as wise as Higgins, especially in unanticipated arguments, and introducing a humanly character like Eliza, the reader feels relieved, releasing their inner tension through laughter on such a silly “comeback”. 2. The childishness of this response makes the reader laugh – whenever adults acts as children, it’s comical. Whichever was the intention of the author, the comical relief is pretty obvious. The simplicity of Eliza’s initial language is clearly a laughing matter.

Mr.Higgins’ arrogance and self-respect are a big factor in the play. In the second act, Higgins and Pickering are having a conversation about who has more abilities in pronunciation of different distinct vowels. Higgins is chuckling over the fact that he can pronounce a lot more that Pickering, coming off as conceited. Here we can see the character’s comical relief, built up due to the arrogance of being a scientist of high class. To back up this argument, we can look at his character alone. He chooses to play a bet with his friend on a human being, saying he can turn this block of wood into a duchess. The arrogance is still very fake, since in the end he is not the one that changes the girl, but rather it’s Pickering’s sweet and gentle side. Higgins knows this deep inside, but decides not to show it. He creates an image of a very “heartless” man, due to his own insecurities created by his Oedipus complex, which are slowly building up inside of him, taking him over. This man was taking notes about people in the streets, he sees everything as an object of science and study, and due to this the tension built up within him needs psych release – he chooses to do it through arrogance. The most important part to mention would be the last sentence of the final act:

Higgins: Pickering! Nonsense: She’s going to marry Freddy. Ha ha! Freddy! Freddy!!

Ha ha ha ha ha!!!!! (He roars with laughter as the play ends) (p.89)

It’s important to analyze this part of the play, since it shows his arrogance more than anything. Only after he started to view Eliza as an eligible woman, she turns his back on him wanting to marry Freddy. He laughs it off, since he has no other way of releasing his tension. He obviously started to care for this woman, but he can’t do anything about it anymore. He offers her to marry everyone but himself, and she says she wouldn’t even marry him. He instead laughs off her decision to marry a “dumb-man” as Freddy, releasing his inner built up tension through laughter. Freud would definitely agree that this was due to his own insecurities built up deep inside, needing a release though laughter.

Everyone has problems, everyone has insecurities, everyone struggles with decisions. That’s why we all need a good laugh every once in awhile, and fictional characters are always our easiest way out. Whether it’s a silly TV Series such as Friends, or something as serious as a novel by Mark Z. Danielewski, House of Leaves, we release our built up tension through the most enjoyable emotion – laughter. Freud created a theory introducing a different perspective on laughter, it’s not just humans making a loud noise, it helps us feel relieved and happy – even just for a split moment, due to us releasing our deepest psychic tension. There’s enough negativity in life, so when we stub our toes on the edge of the bed – let’s laugh.

Also read: The Importance of Freud in Woody Allen’s ANNIE HALL (1977)

Works Cited:

Shaw, Bernard. Pygmalion. New York: Brentano, 1916; Bartleby.com, 1999. Print.